E&D Online Vol. 14, No. 4


FROM THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
View Article
Keith C. Norris, MD


FOCUS: CANCER: PREVENTION, EARLY DETECTION, AND TREATMENT


ORIGINAL REPORTS: CANCER

Racial Differences in Mortality from Obesity-Related Chronic Diseases in US Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer
View Article
Anthony P. Polednak, PhD
I Will Miss the Study, God Bless You All'': Participation in a Nutritional Chemoprevention Trial
View Article
Geraldine Moreno-Black, PhD, CNS; Gail Shor-Posner PhD, CNS; Maria-Jose Miguez, MD, PhD; Ximena Burbano, MD; Sandra O'Mellan, P. Yovanoff, PhD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Serum Total Homocysteine Concentration Determinants in Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Mexican-American Populations of the United States
View Article
Vijay Ganji, PhD, RD; Mohammmad R. Kafai, PhD
Left Ventricular Structure and Systolic Function in African Americans: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
View Article
Vuyisile T. Nkomo, MD; Donna K. Arnett, PhD; Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, ScM; Philip R. Liebson, MD; Richard G. Hutchinson, MD; Thomas N. Skelton, MD
Does Socioeconomic Position Moderate the Effects of Race on Cardiovascular Disease Mortality?
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Rhonda Jones-Webb, DrPH; Xinhua Yu, MD, PhD; Jennifer O'Brien, BA; Peter Hannan, MStat; Melanie Wall, PhD; John Oswald, PhD
Knowledge and Practice: The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Asian Indians. Results from Focus Groups Conducted in Asian Indian Communities in Northern California
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Preety Kalra, MS; Shobha Srinivasan, PhD; Susan Ivey, MD, MHSA; Kurt Greenlund, PhD
Association of a Culturally Defined Syndrome (Nervios) with Chest Pain and DSM-IV Affective Disorders in Hispanic Patients Referred for Cardiac Stress Testing
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Valory N. Pavlik, PhD; David J. Hyman, MD; Juliet A. Wendt, MD; Claudia Orengo, MD, PhD
Coronary Artery Disease and Risk Factors in Black South Africans - A Comparative Study
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M. R. Nethononda, MD; M. R. Essop, MD; A. D. Mbewu, MD; J. S. Galpin, PhD
Designing Multi-Ethnic Stroke Studies: The Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project
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Melinda A. Smith, MPH; Jan M. H. Risser, PhD; Lemuel A. MoyeŽ, MD, PhD; Nelda Garcia; Olubumi Akiwumi; Ken Uchino, MD; Lewis B. Morgenstern, MD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY

Dietary Behavior Among African Americans: Assessing Cultural Identity and Health Consciousness
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Shawn M. Bediako, PhD; Naa Oyo A. Kwate, PhD; Reggie Rucker, MS
"Does Skinny Mean Healthy?'' Perceived Ideal, Current, and Healthy Body Sizes Among African-American Girls and Their Female Caregivers
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Mira L. Katz, PhD, MPH; Penny Gordon-Larsen, PhD; Margaret E. Bentley, PhD; Kristine Kelsey, PhD; Kenitra Shields, BA; Alice Ammerman, DrPH
Overweight and Obesity Among Urban Sahraoui Women of South Morocco
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Mohamed Rguibi, MSC; Regia Belahsen, PhD
A Randomized Pilot Trial of Exercise Promotion in Sedentary African-American Adults
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Robert L. Newton Jr, PhD; Michael G. Perri, PhD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: HEALTH DISPARITIES

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Osteoarthritis: Prevalence, Outcomes, and Medical Care
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Kelli L. Dominick, PhD; Tamara A. Baker, PhD
Physician-Patient Interaction and Depression Among African-American Women: A National Study
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Isabel C. Scarinci, PhD; Bettina M. Beech, DrPH; Jennifer M. Watson, PhD
Diabetes Care Among Older Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives
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Dorothy A. Rhoades, MD, MPH; Yvette Roubideaux, MD, MPH; Dedra Buchwald, MD
Racial and Ethnic Variation in Response to Mailed and Telephone Surveys Among Women in a Managed Care Population
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Karin M. Nelson, MD, MSHS; Ann M. Geiger, PhD; Carol M. Mangione, MD, MPH
A Community Study of Language Concordance in Russian Patients with Diabetes
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Philip S. Mehler, MD; Rita A. Lundgren, MS; Irina Pines, MD; Katherine Doll, RN
Explaining the Relationship Between Race/Ethnicity and Pharmacy Purchased Syringes Among Injection Drug Users in New York City
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Crystal M. Fuller, PhD; Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH; Shannon Blaney, BA; Danielle C. Ompad, PhD; Sherry Deren, PhD; Don Des Jarlais, PhD; David Vlahov, PhD

FOR THE PATIENT
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TREATING OSTEOARTHRITISĐARE ALL POPULATIONS RECEIVING EQUAL CARE?
Source: Racial and Ethnic Differences in Osteoarthritis: Prevalence, Outcomes, and Medical Care
Kelli L. Dominick, PhD; Tamara A. Baker, PhD
PATIENTS IN CLINICAL TRIAL REPORT BENEFITS TO PARTICIPATION
Source: "I Will Miss the Study, God Bless You All": Participation in a Nutritional Chemoprevention Trial
Geraldine Moreno-Black, PhD, CNS; Gail Shor-Posner PhD, CNS; Maria-Jose Miguez, MD, PhD; Ximena Burbano, MD; Sandra O'Mellan; P. Yovanoff, PhD
DOCTORS URGED TO TALK WITH AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHO SUFFER FROM DEPRESSION
Source: Physician-Patient Interaction and Depression Among African-American Women: A National Study
Isabel C. Scarinci, PhD; Bettina M. Beech, DrPH; Jennifer M. Watson, PhD
OBESITY RATES AND QUALITY OF TREATMENT MAY LEAD TO HIGHER OBESITY-RELATED DEATHS AMONG AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER
Source: Racial Differences in Mortality from Obesity-Related Chronic Diseases in US Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer
Anthony P. Polednak, PhD
HEART DISEASE AND CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AMONG AFRICANS PUZZLE RESEARCHERS
Source: Coronary Artery Disease and Risk Factors in Black South Africans-A Comparative Study
M. R. Nethononda, MD; M. R. Essop, MD; A. D. Mbewu, MD; J. S. Galpin, PhD
INDIAN HEALTH DIABETES PROGRAM FOUND TO BE EFFECTIVE
Source: Diabetes Care Among Older Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives
Dorothy A. Rhoades, MD, MPH; Yvette Roubideaux, MD, MPH; Dedra Buchwald, MD
STUDY FINDINGS SHOW MORE CASES OF STROKE THAN EXPECTED; POINTS TO NEED TO RECOGNIZE STROKE SYMPTOMS
Source: Designing Multi-Ethnic Stroke Studies: The Brain Attack Surveilance in Corpus Christi (Basic) Project
Melinda A. Smith, MPH; Jan M. H. Risser, PhD; Lemuel A. Moye, MD, PhD; Nelda Garcia; Olubumi Akiwumi; Ken Uchino, MD; Lewis B. Morgenstern, MD


SUPPLEMENT 2:
ISHIB2004
Disparities in Cardiovascular Health: Bridging the Great Divide
Selected Proceedings from the 19th Annual International Interdisciplinary Conference onHypertension and Related Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Ethnic Populations Sponsored by ISHIB, June 13-16, 2004

Introduction View Article
Therapeutic Controversies in Hypertension Management: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers in Diabetic Nephropathy? ACE Inhibitors
View Article
Errol D. Crook, MD; Sreelatha Penumalee, MD
Increasing Physical Activity in the Deconditioned Person: The Role of Resistance Training
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Mariane M. Fahlman, PhD; Robert Topp, PhD
Genetics and Cardiovascular Disease
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Ronald T. Acton, PhD, HCLD (ABB), D (ABMLI); Rodney C. P. Go, PhD; Jeffrey M. Roseman, MD, PhD, MPH
Theoretical Perspectives to Increase Clinical Effectiveness of Lifestyle Modification Strategies in Diabetes
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Rosalind M. Peters, PhD, RN
Hypertension: Trends, Risks, Drug Therapies and Clinical Challenges in African Americans
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Danielle Hollar, PhD; Arthur S. Agatston, MD; Charles H. Hennekens, MD, DrPH
Metabolic Syndrome: Implications of Race and Ethnicity
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Maryann Mugo, MD; James R. Sowers, MD
Hypertensive Urgencies and Emergencies
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Tariq Shafi, MD
Education, Motivation and Medication for African Americans: Bringing Hypertension Guidelines to Practice
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David Martins, MD; Naureen Tareen, MD; Susanne B. Nicholas, MD, PhD; Keith C. Norris, MD
Calcium Antagonists: A More Expansive Role in Treating Persons with Reduced KidneyFunction?
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Susanne B. Nicholas, MD, PhD; Naureen Tareen, MD; David Martins, MD; Keith C. Norris, MD

ABSTRACTS POSTER AND ORAL PRESENTATIONS
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HYPERTENSION
Increased Population Attributable Risks for Blacks With High Blood Pressure D Lackland; Y Liao: S Lipsitz; J Abell; D McGee
Quality of Life Assessment in Patients on Antihypertensive Therapy M Girotra; RR Abraham; AK Agarwal
Geographic Distribution of Ethnic and Age Related Differences in Treatment and Control of Hypertensive Dyslipidemic Patients in Primary Care KH Hendrix,; AN Nida; BM Egan
Role of Endothelin Receptors in Hypertension in Blacks R Watson; G Fink; J Galligan; S Watts
Heritability of Office and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Families of East African Descent M Bochud; P Bover; RC Elston; L Schild; M Burnier
Ethnic Difference in the Knowledge, Awareness, and Beliefs About Hypertension in Older American EC Okonofua; NE Cutler; DT Lackland BM Egan
24-Hour Urine Sodium in Low-Income African Americans With Hypertension and Relationship to Stage of Change Sodium Restriction RJ Markesino; VN Pavlik; DJ Hyman; K Goodrick; WC Taylor; K Moseley; R Wilson; D Laws
Blood Pressure and It Determinants in A Large Multi-Ethnic Sample of Adolescents in the DASH UK Study S Hardin; M Maynard; JK Cruickshank
Combination Antihypertensive Agents for the Treatment of Hypertension MA Kleinpeter
Effectiveness of Disease Management of Hypertensive and Hyperlipidemia Patients by Pharmacist DF Sarpon; K Woodard
Expectations of Blood Pressure Management in Hypertensive African-American Patients G Ogedegbe
Rational and Design of The Capable Study: An Investigation Into the Use of Amlodipine/Atorvastatin Single-Pill Dual Therapy in the Treatment of African-American Patients With Concomitant Hypertension and Dyslipidemia JM Flack; R Victor; K Watson; K Ferdinand; C Gribbin
Safety and Efficacy of Combination ACE Inhibitor/Calcium Channel Blocker Therapy vs ACE inhibitor Monotherapy in African-American Patients With Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes JM Flack; GL Bakris; J McGregor; D Purkayastha; M Gatlin; OM Nwose
Central and Peripheral Maladaptations Associated With Salt-Induced Hypertension MA Bayorh; AA Ganafa; N Emmet; D Eatman; RR Socci; IL Fridie; IA Abukhalaf
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACOTS, HEALTH PROMOTIONS
Copology: A Model for the Prevention and Treatment of Stress Leading to Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease E Hugley
Ethnic Differences in Cardiovascular Response to Emotional Stimuli MM Merritt; JJ Sollers III; MK Evans; AB Zonderman; JF Thayer
Ethnicity and Cardiovascular Risk Factor Treatment and Control in Primary Care BM Egan; K Hendrix; EC Okonofua; DT Lackland; E Ofili
A Controlled Trial of Effects of Stress Reduction on Left Ventricular Mass in Hypertensive African Americans J Salerno; R Schneider; C Alexander; D Orme-Johnson; A Castillo-Richmond; M Fainforth; S Nidich
Acculturation and Cardiovascular Disease Screening Practices Among Latinos Living in Chicago JM Jurkowski
Lookin' Tight Livin' Right: Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Among African Americans in Portland, Oregon C McKeever
Relation of Ethnic Identity to Cardiovascular Risk Behavior: Developing a Measure J Dedier
Search Your Hearte PW Crawford; J Brooks
Stress Reduction and Prevention of Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in African Americans With Angiographic CAD CE Grim; A Dalmar; H Fenderson; A LaFave; M Faizuddin; M Lawrence; M Rainforth; S Nidich; R Schneider
Stress Reduction and Hypertension Prevention in African Americans CE Grim; J Peete; A LaFave; M Faizuddin; M Lawrence; M Rainforth; S Nidich; R Schneider
Physician's Use of Exercise Counseling For Hypertension Patients JK Halm
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
A Study of Quality of Life and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Amongst The Hypertensive Patients in an Iranian Rural Community E. Mohammadi; HA Abedi; F Gofranipour; F Jalali; A Kazemnejad
Atrial Fibrillation in Allhat LJ Haywood; R Crow; CE Ford; BM Massie: BR Davis; PT Einhorn; PE Linz; A Williard
Stroke Knowledge is Poor Among Rural People at Increased Risk CS Wilson; D Nicholas; CE Brooks
Racial Differences in The Prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy A Brown; AD Waggoner; L de las Fuentes; S-J Dong; B Barzila; VG Davila-Roman
Racial Differences in the Prevalence of Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Ambulatory Patients Referred for Echocardiography A Brown; AD Waggoner; L de las Fuentes; S-J Dong; B Barzila; VG Davila-Roman
Distribution and Determinants of Coronary Artery Disease in an Urban Pakistani Setting S Dodani; D MacLean; R LaPorter; M Joffres
DIABETES
Hypertension Control Rates in Patients With Diabetes in a Disease Management Program MA Kleinpeter; JC Morial; MK Butler
Assessing Diabetes Risk in the Jackson Metropolitan Area - A Pilot Study DF Sarpong
Developing A Logic Model for the African Caribbean Cascadian Diabetes Prevention Program Utilizing Culturally Appropriate Population-Based Strategies and Train-the-Trainer Community Education/Skill Building Interventions for High-risk Neighborhoods V Stevens; M Rossi; C Morgan; K Nelson
OBESITY, DIET, NUTRITION
Relationship of Adiponectin and Tumor Necrosis Factor-a With Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Healthy Obese Nondiabetic African-American Females T Gaillard; M Bullock; J Kaplow; K Osei
DASH - Dinner With Your Nutritionist: African Americans, it's Time! J Rankins; W Sampson; B Brown; T Jenkins-Salley
Mechanism of Hemodynamic Compensation During Weight Loss OS Randall; J Kwagyan; S Xu; M Ketete; A Maqbool
RENAL FUNCTION AND DISEASE
Decreasing Renal Function is Associated With Incident Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in Diabetics OL White; ED Crook
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and Progression of Renal Disease in Diabetic Patients A Goyal; ED Crook
Glycemic Control Predicts Diabetic Extrarenal Complications but not Renal Survival S Patel; E Crook
WOMEN's HEALTH
Markers of Metabolic Syndrome in Eclampsia SA Isezuo; BA Ekele
Depressed Hypertension African-American Women Report More Blood Pressure-Related Symptoms, Stress, and Less Social Support Than Non-Depressed Women Despite Similar Levels of Blood Pressure NT Artinian; JM Flack; JS Vanderwal; OGM Washinton; KC Jen
High Prevalence of Hypertension Among Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Moroccan Sahraoui Women: Roles of Central Adiposity and Physical Activity R Belahsen; M Rguibi
The Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination and Provider-Patient Communication Among African-American Women CE Barnard; T Metha; BM Beech; I Scarinci
CHILDREN AND YOUNG ADULTS
The Relationship of Internalized Racism to Body Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistance is Independent of Birth Weight Among African Caribbean Adolescent Youth on the Island of Barbados, West Indies EC Chambers; ES Tull; H Fraser; N Sobers; NR Mutunhu; E Niles
Hypertension Among MultiEthnic Schoolchildren DK Sullivan; CA Gibson; JR Goetz; M Hall
Childhood and Subsequent Adult Blood Pressure Predict Adult Microalbuminuria In Blacks: The Bogalusa Heart Study GS Berenson; SR Srinivasan; W Chen; S Li; J Xu; S Hoq
Incidence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adolescent Children in Three Rural Alabama Schools KA Harris Huntley; J Weese; EF Crayton; S Gropper; D White; J Johnson
OTHER
Race and In-Hospital Resuscitation SC Lamarca; DC Parish; FC Dane; IS Okosun; MM Dent
Racial Treatment Trends in Localized/Regional Prostate Cancer: 1992-1999 W Underwood III; J Jackson; JT Wei; R Dunn; E Baker; S DeMonneer; DP Wood
Medication Adherence is not Associated With Clinic Appointment Attendance G Ogedegbe
Hepatitis in an Urban Nephrology Clinic R Galla; K Fiippova; S Penumalee; E Crook



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