E&D Online Vol. 16, No.4


FOCUS: QUALITY OF CARE: THE ECOLOGY OF THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

From the Editor-in-Chief: Section Previews
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Corrections
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Hypertension in Sub-Saharan African Populations: The Burden of Hypertension in Nigeria
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Okechukwu Samuel Ogah, MBBS, MSc


ORIGINAL REPORTS ON FOCUS AREA: QUALITY OF CARE: THE ECOLOGY OF THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

Perceived Discrimination in Health Care Among American Indians/Alaska Natives
View Article
Patrik Johansson, MD; Clemma Jacobsen, MS; Dedra Buchwald, MD
Measuring the Quality of Diabetes Care in Urban and Rural Indian Health Programs
View Article
Kelly Moore, MD; Yvette Roubideaux, MD, MPH; Carolyn Noonan, MS; Jack Goldberg, PhD; Ray Shields, MD; Kelly Acton, MD, MPH
Perceptions of Cultural Competency Among Elderly African Americans
View Article
Jerry C. Johnson, MD; Mary Beth Slusar, MA; Sumedha Chaatre, PhD; Pauline Johnsen, PhD
Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Effects of Regular Providers and Self-Management Education on Diabetes Preventive Care
View Article
Anita K. Kurian, DrPH, MBBS; Tyrone F. Borders, PhD
Perception of Racism Explains the Difference between Blacks' and Whites' Level of Healthcare Trust
View Article
Albert O. Adegbembo, BDS, FRCD(C); Scott L. Tomar, DMD, DrPH; Henrietta L. Logan, PhD
Disparities by Insurance Status in Quality of Care for Elderly Patients with Unstable Angina
View Article
Salpy V. Pamboukian, MD, MSPH; Ellen Funkhouser, DrPH; Ian G. Child, MHSA; Jeroan J. Allison, MD, MSc Epi; Norman W. Weissman, PhD; Catarina I. Kiefe, MD, PhD
Factors Associated with Adherence to Recommendations for Screening Mammography Among American Indian Women in Colorado
View Article
Nina S. Wampler, DSc; Laura Saba, BS; Saleh M. M. Rahman, PhD; Mark Dignan, PhD; Jenifer H. Voeks, PhD; Jadwiga (Jodi) Strzelczyk, PhD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE AND RELATED RISK FACTORS

Geographic and Racial/Ethnic Differences in HFE Mutation Frequencies in the Hemochromatosis and Iron Overload Screening (HEIRS) Study
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Ronald T. Acton, PhD; James C. Barton, MD; Beverly M. Snively, PhD; Christine E. McLaren, PhD; Paul C. Adams, MD; Emily L. Harris, PhD; Mark R. Speechley, PhD; Gordon D. McLaren, MD; Fitzroy W. Dawkins, MD; Catherine Leiendecker-Foster, MS; Joan L. Holup, MA; Aarthi Balasubramanyam, MStat; for the Hemochromatosis and Iron Overload Screening Study Research Investigators
Hypertension, Type 2 Diabetes, and Blood Groups in a Population of African Ancestry
View Article
Barbara Nemesure, PhD; Suh-Yuh Wu, MA; Anselm Hennis, MRCP (UK), PhD; M. Cristina Leske, MD, MPH; for the Barbados Eye Study Group
Metabolic Syndrome in Nondiabetic, Obese, First-Degree Relatives of African American Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: African American Triglycerides-HDL-C and Insulin Resistance Paradox
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Sophia Boudoulas Meis, DO, MPH; Dara Schuster, MD; Trudy Gaillard, RN, PhD; Kwame Osei, MD
Differences in Arterial Stiffness and Its Correlates in Tri-Ethnic Young Men and Women
View Article
WayWay M. Hlaing, MBBS, MS, PhD; Samer Koutoubi, MD, PhD; Fatma G. Huffman, PhD
Dietary Sodium Restriction Alters Postprandial Ghrelin: Implications for Race Differences in Obesity
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Kimberly A. Brownley, PhD; Kathleen C. Light, PhD; Karen M. Grewen, PhD; Alan L. Hinderliter, MD; Sheila G. West, PhD
Potentially Modifiable Metabolic Factors and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Hospitalizations in Urban African Americans with Diabetes
View Article
Curtiss B. Cook, MD; Joseph G. Hentz, MS; Circe Tsui, BBA; David C. Ziemer, MD; Dorothy B. Naylor, MN; William J. Miller, PhD
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in African Black Patients with Chronic Renal Failure at First Evaluation
View Article
Ifeoma I. Ulasi, FWACP; Ejikeme B. Arodiwe, FWACP; Chinwuba K. Ijoma, FMCP
Glycemic Control Predicts Diabetic Extrarenal Microvascular Complications But Not Renal Survival in Patients with Moderate to Severe Chronic Kidney Disease
View Article
Errol D. Crook, MD; Sejal Patel, MD
Coronary Heart Disease and Risk Factors in Black South Africans: A Case-Control Study
View Article
Magriet Loock, MD; Krisela Steyn, MD; Piet Becker, PhD; Jean Fourie, MPhil
Poor Glycemic Control Increases Risk of Hospitalization in Urban African Americans with Diabetes
View Article
Curtiss B. Cook, MD; Joseph G. Hentz, MS; Circe Tsui, BBA; David C. Ziemer, MD; Dorothy B. Naylor, MN; William J. Miller, PhD
Prevalence and Correlates of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in South Asians: Population-Based Data from Two California Surveys
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Susan L. Ivey, MD, MHSA; Kala M. Mehta, DSc; Christina L. Wassel Fyr, MS; Alka M. Kanaya, MD
The Changing Patterns of Hypertension in Ghana: A Study of Four Rural Communities in the Ga District
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Juliet Addo, MD, MPH; Albert G. B. Amoah, MD, PHD, FRCP; Kwadwo A. Koram, MD, PHD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: PUBLIC HEALTH

Racial/Ethnic Neighborhood Concentration and Self-Reported Health in New York City
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Kellee White, MPH; Luisa N. Borrell, DDS, PhD
Exercise Participation Before and During Pregnancy Among Low-Income, Urban, Black Women: The Baltimore Preterm Birth Study
View Article
Suezanne T. Orr, PhD; Sherman A. James, PhD; Joseph Garry, MD; Edward Newton, MD
Attitudes Toward Life-Sustaining Interventions Among Ambulatory Black and White Patients
View Article
William Bayer, MD; Julie B. Mallinger, MPH; Ashok Krishnan, BS; Cleveland G. Shields, PhD
The National Eye Health Education Program: Increasing Awareness of Diabetic Eye Disease Among American Indians and Alaska Natives
View Article
Karen Silver, MPH; Meredith Williams, MPH; Everly Macario, ScD, MS, EdM
The Relationships Among Acculturation, Biobehavioral Risk, Stress, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone, and Poor Birth Outcomes in Hispanic Women
View Article
R. Jeanne Ruiz, PhD, RNC, WHCNP; Christyn L. Dolbier, PhD; Robin Fleschler, PhD, RNC, CNS
Exercise and Pregnancy Outcome Among Urban, Low-Income, Black Women
View Article
Suezanne T. Orr, PhD; Sherman A. James, PhD; Joseph Garry, MD; Cheryl B. Prince, PhD; Edward R. Newton, MD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: RESEARCH DESIGN

Recruitment of African American and White Postmenopausal Women into Clinical Trials: The Beneficial Effects of Soy Trial Experience
View Article
Kathleen A. Lindenstruth, BA; Carol B. Curtis, BS; Jerilyn K. Allen, ScD
Validation of Physical Activity Instruments: Black Women's Health Study
View Article
Pamela L. Carter-Nolan, PhD, MPH; Lucile L. Adams-Campbell, PhD; Kepher Makambi, PhD; Shantell Lewis, MS; Julie R. Palmer, ScD; Lynn Rosenberg, ScD
Psychometric Characteristics of a Patient Satisfaction Instrument Tailored to the Concerns of African Americans
View Article
Marie N. Fongwa, RN, MPH, PhD; Ron D. Hays, PhD; Peter R. Gutierrez, MA; Anita L. Stewart, PhD
Recruitment of Black Women with Type 2 Diabetes into a Self-Management Intervention Trial
View Article
Kelley Newlin, DNSc; Gail D'Eramo Melkus, EdD, RN; Vanessa Jefferson, MSN; Susan Langerman, MSN; Julie Womack, MSN; Deborah Chyun, PhD, RN


ORIGINAL REPORTS: CANCER

Dietary Intake to Reduce Cancer Risk Among African American Women in Public Housing: Do Sociodemographic Factors Make a Difference?
View Article
Sherry R. Crump, MD, MPH; Beverly D. Taylor, MD; John F. C. Sung, PhD; Laurita Burley, PhD, RD, LD; Joyce Sheats, RN, MPH; Frederick G. Murphy, MSPH, MPIA; Lee Caplan, MD, PhD, MPH
A Systematic Review of Culturally Sensitive Cancer Prevention Resources for Ethnic Minorities
View Article
Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, PhD, MPH; Daniela B. Friedman, PhD
Stress, Coping, Social Support, and Prostate Cancer Risk Among Older African American and Caucasian Men
View Article
Ann L. Coker, PhD; Maureen Sanderson, PhD; Gary L. Ellison, PhD; Mary K. Fadden, MPH
Radical Prostatectomy and Quality of Life Among African Americans
View Article
Flora A. Ukoli, MBBS, DPH, MPH; Barlow S. Lynch, MD; Lucile L. Adams-Campbell, PhD
Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening for Puerto Ricans, African Americans, and Non-Hispanic Whites Attending Inner-City Family Practice Centers
View Article
Maureen F. Finney, PA-C, MS; Laurene M. Tumiel-Berhalter, PhD; Chester Fox, MD; Carlos Roberto Jaén, MD, PhD


DEPARTMENTS

CLINICAL RESEARCH
GRANTS AND FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES
UPDATES FROM US HEALTH AGENCIES
HEALTH LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
FOR THE PATIENT
WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO MEASURE PATIENT SATISFACTION WITH HEALTHCARE SERVICES?
Source: Psychometric Characteristics of a Patient Satisfaction Instrument Tailored to the Concerns of African Americans
Marie N. Fongwa, RN, MPH, PhD; Ron D. Hays, PhD; Peter R. Gutierrez, MA; Anita L. Stewart, PhD
PREPARING DIABETES EDUCATION MATERIALS FOR TARGETED GROUPS
Source: The National Eye Health Education Program: Increasing Awareness of Diabetic Eye Disease Among American Indians and Alaska Natives
Karen Silver, MPH; Meredith Williams,MPH; Everly Macario, ScD, MS, EdM
MAKING CANCER EDUCATION MATERIALS USABLE BY DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS
Source: A Systematic Review of Culturally Sensitive Cancer Prevention Resources for Ethnic Minorities
Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, PhD, MPH; Daniela B. Friedman, PhD
TRUSTING THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM: PERSONAL EXPERIENCE, RACISM, AND LOCATIONS
Source: Perception of Racism Explains the Difference between Blacks' and Whites' Level of Healthcare Trust
Albert O. Adegbembo, BDS, FRCD(C); Scott L. Tomar, DMD, DrPH; Henrietta L. Logan, PhD
SEGREGATED NEIGHBORHOODS LINKED TO UNHEALTHY RESIDENTS
Source: Racial/Ethnic Neighborhood Concentration and Self-ReportedHealth in New York City
Kellee White, MPH; Luisa N. Borrell, DDS, PhD
IS TYPE OF BLOOD LINKED TO HYPERTENSION, TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Source: Hypertension, Type 2 Diabetes, and Blood Groups in a Population of African Ancestry
Barbara Nemesure, PhD; Suh-Yuh Wu, MA; Anselm Hennis, MRCP (UK), PhD; M. Cristina Leske, MD, MPH; for the Barbados Eye Study Group
DO AMERICAN INDIAN WOMEN RECEIVE SCREENING MAMMOGRAMS AT THE SAME RATE AS NON-HISPANIC WHITE WOMEN?
Source: Factors Associated with Adherence to Recommendations for Screening Mammography Among American Indian Women in Colorado
Nina S. Wampler, DSc, MPH; Laura Saba, BS; Saleh M. M. Rahman, PhD; Mark Dignan, PhD; Jenifer H. Voeks, PhD; Jadwiga (Jodi) Strzelczyk, PhD
HEART DISEASE RISKS IN YOUNG ADULTS
Source: Differences in Arterial Stiffnessand its Correlates in Tri-Ethnic YoungMen and Women
WayWay M. Hlaing, MBBS, MS, PhD; Samer Koutoubi, MD, PhD; Fatma G. Huffman, PhD
DIABETES EDUCATION AND PERSONAL DOCTORS TEAM UP FOR BETTER CARE FOR
Source: Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Effects of Regular Providers and Self-Management Education on DiabetesPreventive Care.
Anita K. Kurian, DrPH, MBBS; Tyrone F. Borders, PhD
ENLARGED HEART FOUND IN NIGERIANS REPORTING WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE
Source: Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in African Black Patients with Chronic Renal Failure at First Evaluation
Ifeoma I. Ulasi, FWACP; Ejikeme B. Arodiwe, FWACP; Chinwuba K. Ijoma,FMCP
CORONARY HEART DISEASE ON THE RISE IN AFRICA
Source: Coronary Heart Disease and Risk Factors in Black South Africans: A Case-Control Study
Magriet Loock, MD; Krisela Steyn, MD;Piet Becker, PhD; Jean Fourie, MPhil
SOUTH ASIAN HEALTH STUDIED
Source: Prevalence and Correlates of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in South Asians: Population-Based Data from Two California Surveys
Susan L. Ivey, MD, MHSA; Kala M. Mehta, DSc; Christina L. Wassel Fyr, MS; Alka M. Kanaya, MD
RECRUITING BLACK WOMEN WITH DIABETES TO PARTICIPATE IN RESEARCH STUDY
Source: Recruitment of Black Women with Type 2 Diabetes into a Self-Management Intervention Trial
Kelley Newlin, DNSc; Gail D'Eramo Melkus, EdD; Vanessa Jefferson, MSN; Susan Langerman, MSN; Julie Womack, MSN; Deborah Chyun, PhD, RN



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