FOCUS: HISPANIC HEALTH. HOW HEALTHY IS THE FASTEST GROWING POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES?


GUEST EDITORIAL

Hispanic Health: Persistent Disparities and Promising Developments
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Elena M. Bastida, PhD
Hispanic Health: How Healthy Is the Fastest Growing Population of the United States?
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David E. Hayes-Bautista, PhD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: HISPANIC HEALTH

Is Alcohol Intake Associated with Breast Cancer in Hispanic Women? The New Mexico Women's Health Study
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Kathy B. Baumgartner, PhD; John F. Annegers, PhD; R. Sue McPherson, PhD; Ralph F. Frankowski, PhD; Frank D. Gilliland, MD, PhD; Jonathan M. Samet, MD, PhD
Testing the Weathering Hypothesis Among Mexican-Origin Women
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Elizabeth M. Wildsmith, MA
Perinatal Outcomes Among Mexican Americans: A Review of an Epidemiological Paradox
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Ivan A. de la Rosa, PhD, MSW
Severity of Illness, Treatment Environments, and Outcomes of Treating Acute Myocardial Infarction for Hispanic Americans
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Jay J. Shen, PhD
Hypertension Among Hispanic Elders of a Caribbean Origin in Massachusetts
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Hai Lin, PhD, MPH; Odilia I. Bermudez, PhD, MPH; Luis M. Falcon, PhD; Katherine L. Tucker, PhD
Parental Prompting and Smoking Among Latino Youth
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Rafael Laniado-Laborin, MD, MPH; Susan I. Woodruff, PhD; Jeanette I. Candelaria, MPH; James F. Sallis, PhD


RESEARCH NOTE: HISPANIC HEALTH

Characteristics of Mexican-American Elders with Dementia Presenting to a Community-Based Memory Evaluation Program
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David V. Espino, MD; David DelAguila, MD; Charles P. Mouton, MD, MS; Cynthia Alford, PhD; Robert W. Parker, MD; Toni P. Miles, MD, PhD; Olga Olivares, MD


ORIGINAL REPORTS: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE AND DIABETES

Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: In This Section
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From the Editor-in-Chief: Keith C. Norris, MD
Utility of a Surrogate Measure of Insulin Resistance in American Indians: The Strong Heart Study
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Helaine E. Resnick, PhD, MPH; Richard N. Bergman, PhD; Jeffrey A. Henderson, MD; Patricia Nez-Henderson, MD, MPH; Barbara V. Howard, PhD
Differential Impact of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Factor Clustering on CVD and Renal Disease Among African-American and White Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
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John H. Summerson, MS; Ronny A. Bell, PhD, MS; Joseph C. Konen, MD, MSPH; John G. Spangler, MD, MPH


ORIGINAL REPORTS: CANCER

Cancer: In This Section From the Editor-in-Chief:
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Keith C. Norris, MD
Black-White Differences in Tumor Grade (Aggressiveness) at Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer, 1992-1998
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Anthony P. Polednak, PhD
Health Literacy, Cervical Cancer Risk Factors, and Distress in Low-Income African-American Women Seeking Colposcopy
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Lisa K. Sharp, PhD; Jill M. Zurawski, MD; Phillip Y. Roland, MD; Cheryl O'Toole, MSW; Jane Hines, RN


ORIGINAL REPORTS: PRIMARY CARE/FAMILY MEDICINE

Primary Care/Family Medicine: In This Section
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Keith C. Norris, MD
Patterns and Correlates of Alcohol Consumption Among African-American Women
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Lynn Rosenberg, ScD; Julie R. Palmer, ScD; R. Sowmya Rao, PhD; Lucile L. Adams-Campbell, PhD
Mid-Life African-American Women with Type 2 Diabetes: Influence on Work and the Multicaregiver Role
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Carolyn S. Cagle, PhD; Susan Appel, PhD; Anne H. Skelly, PhD; Lori Carter-Edwards, PhD
Healthy Growth: Project Description and Baseline Findings
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Wendell C. Taylor, PhD, MPH; Wenyaw Chan, PhD; Sharon S. Cummings, MPH; Bruce G. Simons-Morton, EdD, MPH; R. Sue Day, PhD; Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, PhD, MPH; James S. Pivarnik, PhD; William H. Mueller, PhD; Michelle A. Detry, MS; Iris I. Wei, DrPH; Ana P. Johnson-Masotti, PhD; Hai-An Hsu, PhD
Influence of Stereotyping in Smoking Cessation Counseling by Primary Care Residents
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Kathryn I. Pollak, PhD; Elva M. Arredondo, MA; Kimberly S. H. Yarnall, MD; Isaac Lipkus, PhD; Evan Myers, MD, MPH; Maya McNeilly, PhD; Philip Costanzo, PhD


BOOK REVIEWS

Vascular Biology in Clinical Practice
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Review by Randall L Tackett, PhD
Ethnic Diseases Sourcebook
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Review by R. A. Halberstein, PhD


SUPPLEMENT 3:
ISHIB2002-Reversing the Cardiovascular Disease Epidemic Among Ethnic Minority Populations: TranslatingStrategies into Success

Selected Proceedings from the 17th Annual International Interdisciplinary Conference sponsored by ISHIB, July 8-12, 2002
Introduction
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C. Alicia Georges, RN, EdD
Addressing Cardiovascular Disease in Patients with Renal Disease
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Errol D. Crook, MD; David O. Washington, MD
Vascular Endothelin Converting Enzyme-1 Expression and Activity Is Upregulated in Clinical Diabetes
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Mark P. Anstadt, MD; Jimmie Hutchinson, BS; Vera Portik-Dobos, MD; Farahdiba Jafri, PhD; Mary Bannan, RN; Kwabena Mawulawde, MD; Adviye Ergul, MD, PhD
Insulin Resistance, Beta Cell Function and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Ghanaians with Varying Degrees of Glucose Tolerance
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Albert G. B. Amoah, MBChB, FRCP; Dara P. Schuster, MD, FACE; Trudy Gaillard, MS, RN, CDE; Kwame Osei, MD, FACE, FACP
Decreased Vascular Matrix Metalloproteinase Abundance in Diabetic Patients with Symptomatic Macroangiopathy
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J. Sheppard Mondy, MD; Mark P. Anstadt, MD; Dion L. Franga, MD; Vera Portik-Dobos, MD; Jimmie Hutchinson, BS; Adviye Ergul, MD, PhD
The Relationship Between Menstrual Factors and Breast Cancer According to Estrogen Receptor Status of Tumor: A Case-Control Study in African-American Women
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Kangmin Zhu, MD, PhD; Jessica Beiler, MPH; Sandra Hunter, BS; Kathleen Payne-Wilks, BA; Chanel L. Roland, BS; Digna S. Forbes, MD; Vernon M. Chinchilli, PhD; Louis J. Bernard, MD; Kathryn H. Jacobsen, MPH; Robert S. Levine, MD
Prostate Cancer Risk Is Three-Fold Higher Among Men, Aged 50-64, of African Descent Compared with Men of Asian-Indian Descent in Trinidad and Tobago
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Clareann H. Bunker, PhD; Alan L. Patrick, MD; Gloria Maharaj, LRCS; Hillary A. Keenan, MS; Sham Ramnarine, MBBS; Andrew Belle, MBBS; Jean Robert Richard, MBBS; Rajiv Dhir, MD
Dietary Approaches for Weight Management in African Americans
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Angela M. Odoms, PhD
Obesity Clinical Trials in Youth: Concepts and Challenges
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Donna B. Moore, MD
Scope of Cardiovascular Complications in Patients with Kidney Disease
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Peter A. McCullough, MD, MPH
Therapeutic Controversies in Hypertension Management: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers for Diabetic Nephropathy?A Case for ACE Inhibitors
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Errol D. Crook, MD; Dean C. Preddie, MD
Determinants of Uncontrolled Hypertension in an African-American Population
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James H. Jackson IV, PharmD; Thomas J. Bramley, RPh, PhD; Tina H. Chiang, PharmD; Vishu Jhaveri, MD, MSA; Feride Frech, MPH, RPh
Communication Skills to Improve Patient Satisfaction and Quality of Care
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Auguste H. Fortin VI, MD, MPH
Tailoring Counseling on Physical Activity and Inactivity for African-American Women
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Melicia C. Whitt, PhD; Shiriki K. Kumanyika, PhD
Considering the Whole Patient with Hypertension: The Ethos of Pharmaceutical Care
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Carmita A. Coleman, PharmD; Barry Bleidt, PhD, PharmD, RPh
Social Class and Heart Disease Mortality Among African Americans
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Elizabeth Barnett, PhD; Carol R. Williams, MPH; Latetia Moore, MSPH; Fangfei Chen, MPH
Geographic Disparities in Heart Disease and Stroke Mortality Among Black and White Populations in the Appalachian Region
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Joel A. Halverson, MA; Elizabeth Barnett, PhD; Michele Casper, PhD
The Challenge of Community Cardiovascular Disease: The Dan River Region Cardiovascular Health Initiative Program-DRchip
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Michael A. Moore, MD; Terri Motley, RN, BSN; Kathryn Plumb, RN, BSN, MEd
Stress Management Strategies in Hypertension Control
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Mary S. Webb, PhD, RN
Reproducibility of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measures in African-American Adolescents
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Vernon A. Barnes, PhD; Maribeth H. Johnson, MS; J. Caroline Dekkers, PhD; Frank A. Treiber, PhD
Differences in Rates of Obstructive Lung Disease Between Africans and African Americans
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Irene M. Gathuru, PhD; Clareann H. Bunker, PhD; Flora A. Ukoli, MBBS, MPH; Eruke E. Egbagbe, MBBS

ABSTRACT POSTER AND ORAL PRESENTATIONS
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HYPERTENSION
Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Nigerians With Hypertensive Heart Failure OE Ajayi; MO Balogun
Real World Therapeutic Efficacy of Old and Newer Antihypertensive Drugs in Nigerians AA Ajayi; AQ Adigun; DA Ishola Jr.; AO Akintomide
Effects of 8 Weeks Treatment With Propranolol in Patients With Hypertension C Michael; MS Ashraf; RM Ahmad; Y Ivan
Efficacy and Tolerability of Fixed-Dose Combination Therapy With Amlodipine/Benzepril Therapy in African Americans FH Messerli; MR Weir; JM Neutel; for the LOGIC (LOrtrel; Gauging Improved Control) Investigators
Differential Influence of Family History of Hypertension and premature Myocardial Infarction on Systolic Blood Pressure and Left Ventricular Mass Trajectories in Youth JC Dekkers; H Snieder; G Kapuku; FA Trieber
The Impact of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Vasoconstrictive Tone: Changes in Youth Over 9 years MS Tingen; C Dekkers; FA Trieber
Effects of Exercise on the Relationship Between Urinary Endothelin-1 and Sodium Excretion in Hypertensive African Americans JM Jones; JJ Johnson; MR Weir; TC Dowling; D Vizcaino; JJ Park; T Obisesan; BD Hand; MD Brown
Reproducibility of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measures in African-American Adolescents VA Barnes; MH Johnson, JC Dekkers; FA Treiber
Reproducibility of Noninvasive Measurement of Vasoconstrictive Tone in African-American Adolescents VA Barnes; MH Johnson, JC Dekkers; LB Bauza; FA Treiber
Celluar Mediator of Vascular Smooth Muscles Behavior S Harris-Hooker; R Rivers; GL Sanford
Association Between Endothelin-1 Gene Polymorphism (ET-1/C918) and Vasoconstrictive Stress Responsivity in Black and White Youth F Treiber; P Barbeau; H-S Kang; G Harshfield; H Snieder
Loss of Bearing: How Spiritual and Cultural Facots Affect Blood Pressure in A Sample of Afro-Caribbean Women J Tyalor; E Tull; C Butler
Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) Modulates Blood Pressure Response to Behavioral Stress in African-American Yourth GK Kapuku; GA Harshfield; HC Davis; FA Treiber
Racial Disparity in Hypertension Control: The Need for Professional Education and Policy Change DT Lackland; BM Egan
A Low Rate of Hypertension in Somali Immigrants to the United States A Dalmar; D Pryce; CE Grim; H Ali; L Hired; S Jama; A Adam; D Yusuf; F Yusuf; F Hagi; O Awale; S Omar; N Ahmed; A Hersi
Determinants of Uncontrolled Blood Pressure in An African-American Hypertensive Populations TH Chiang; Terry Jackson Bramley; JH Jackson IV; V Jhaveri; F Frech
The Prevalence of Hypertension in a Community-Based Sample of Middle-Aged and Older Mexican Americans: Suggestions and Recommendations for Improving Health Behaviors Among This Populations M De La Cruz; F Leal; A McCann
Comparison of the Antihypertensive Efficacy and Safety of Fixed-Dose Combination Therapy With Amlodipine/Benazepril vs Enalapril Monotherapy in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes JM Flack; G Bakris; for the LEAAD (Lotrel and Enalapril in African-American Diabetics) Investigators
Assessment of the Novel Selective Aldosterone Blocker Eplerenone Using Ambulatory and Clinic BP in 400 Patients With Systematic Hypertension: Results From A Pivotal Multinational Trial WB White; AA Carr; A Lewin; W Oigman; B Roniker; J Kleiman; D Bittman; S Krause
Eplerenone, The Selective Aldosterone Blocker, is Superior to Losartan for the Treatment of Hypertension in Blacks E Saunders; JM Flack; K Ferdinand; JT Wright, Jr.; S Oparil; B Roniker; J Kleiman; Y Yang; S Krause
Efficacy of Olmesartan Medoxomil, A New Angiotenin Receptor Antagonist, in Reducing Blood Pressure in Hypertensive African Americans CA Cook; K Brown-Jones
The Selective Aldosterone Blocker Eplerenone is More Effective Than Losartan in Patients With Low-Renin Hypertension WB White; PR Conlin; D O'Conner; A Hanley; B Roniker; J Kleiman; Y Yang; S Krause
Alterations in Plasma and Tissue Levels of Angiotensin II and Aldosterone in Salt-Induced Hypertension MA Bayorh; RR Socci; AA Ganafa; M Watson; D Eatman
Self-Reported Hight Blood Pressure and Health Providers Advice LJ Neff; JB Croft; CS Ayala; AM Malarcher; KJ Greenlund; GA Mensah
CARDIOVASCULAR
Painful and Silent Ischemia in Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris C Mikhael; S Vladimir; MS Ashraf
Prevalence of Multiple Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Canadian Population Aged 55-75 Years MR Joffres
Applying the Framingham Risk Score to African Americans WAA Forster II; J Joshua; DJ Genovese; CL Curry; RC Boston; AE Sumner
Cardiovascular Disease in Women in Mississippi B Campbell; C Addison; L Charles; D Thurston
Racial Differences in Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics Among Coronary Heart Disease Patients MO Ashaye; WH Giles
Increasing Out-of-Hospital Stroke Deaths - United States, 1990-1998 C Ayala; L Neff; NL Keenan; WA Wattigney; JB Croft; KJ Greenlund; ZJ Zheng; GA Mensah
Effect of Maharishi Vedic Medicine on CVD and Related Stress Factors in Older African-American Women: Rationale and Design of a Clinical Trial K Walton; R Schneider; G Streyhorn; C Lollis; O Randall; S Xu; K Kondwani; K Oboho; E Ofili; S Nidich; C King; M Rainforth
KIDNEY DISEASE
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Calcium Antagonists in Advance Diabetic Nephropathy D Preddie; ED Crook
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Polymorphism in African Americans With Diabetic Nephropathy ED Crook; L Genous; B Oliver
Biopsychosocial Perspectives of Renal Transplantation in African Americans LM Hale
Benefits of Revascularization in African Americans With Critical Renal Artery Stenosis NR Patel; HA Alrefai; S Ohmit; S Nasser; JM Flack
Prevalence of Risk Factors for Kidney Disease Among African Americans Participating in a Community-Based Screening Program: The National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Early Evaluation Program (NKF-KEEP 2.0) R M Peters; S Ohmi; WW Brown; AJ Collins; R Grimm; JM Flack; for the KEEP Steering Committee
Endothelin-1 and Nitric Oxide as Mediators in the Pathogenesis of HIV-1 Associated Nephropathy (HIVAN) B Jacob-Motley; G Newman
Associate of ACE Inhibitors and Mortality in ESRD Patients M Yan; A floreza; A Joaquin; K Norris
COMMUNITY HEALTH
Community-Based Screenings Reveal Health Disparities in Northwest North Carolina K Sigmon Smith; CM Ferrario
Enterprise/MUSC Neighborhood Health Program: A Community-Based Partnership For Hypertension and Diabetes (HAD-ME) V Shipp; C Jenkins; LK Riekerk; D Zheng; C Hossler
The "CHAMP" Program: A Community-Based Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Program Twenty Years After Initial Funding D Stewart; B DeForge; L Graham; J Charleston
Improving Public Health Through The Development of a Wellness Center: A Model for Community-Based Morbidity and Mortality Reduction L Young
Initial Phase of a Clinical-Based Weight Management Program for African Americans: The Healthy Eating and Lifestyle Program (H.E.L.P) S Kumanyika; J Cunningham; J Shults; V Brake, M Whitt; M Bowman
Comprehensive Approaches to Improving Health and Social Status of Under-Served Young Urban Black Men D Monroe; M Roary; H Han; M Kim; C Lewis; MN Hill
Perceived Barriers and Attitudes About Medical Treatment of Urban Black Men With Hypertension L Lewis; M Roary; H Han; M Kim; J Walker; M Hill
High Risk Behaviors Among Hypertensive Black Men V Holland; M Roary; H Han; S Hall; M Kim; A Weldon, M Hill



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