Ethnicity & Disease/ Volume 14, Number 4

(Autumn 2004)


Ethnicity & Disease Online

Ethnicity & Disease (ISSN: 1049-510X) is published quarterly. An annual subscription is included with ISHIB membership or available to individuals and institutions. To purchase an annual subscription or this particular issue click here.

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FROM THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

View Article
Keith C. Norris, MD

FOCUS: CANCER: PREVENTION, EARLY DETECTION, AND TREATMENT

ORIGINAL REPORTS: CANCER

Racial Differences in Mortality from Obesity-Related Chronic Diseases in US Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer
View Article
Anthony P. Polednak, PhD

I Will Miss the Study, God Bless You All”: Participation in a Nutritional Chemoprevention Trial
View Article
Geraldine Moreno-Black, PhD, CNS; Gail Shor-Posner PhD, CNS; Maria-Jose Miguez, MD, PhD; Ximena Burbano, MD; Sandra O’Mellan, P. Yovanoff, PhD

ORIGINAL REPORTS: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Serum Total Homocysteine Concentration Determinants in Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Mexican-American Populations of the United States
View Article
Vijay Ganji, PhD, RD; Mohammmad R. Kafai, PhD

Left Ventricular Structure and Systolic Function in African Americans: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
View Article
Vuyisile T. Nkomo, MD; Donna K. Arnett, PhD; Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, ScM; Philip R. Liebson, MD; Richard G. Hutchinson, MD; Thomas N. Skelton, MD

Does Socioeconomic Position Moderate the Effects of Race on Cardiovascular Disease Mortality?
View Article
Rhonda Jones-Webb, DrPH; Xinhua Yu, MD, PhD; Jennifer O’Brien, BA; Peter Hannan, MStat; Melanie Wall, PhD; John Oswald, PhD

Knowledge and Practice: The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Asian Indians. Results from Focus Groups Conducted in Asian Indian Communities in Northern California
View Article
Preety Kalra, MS; Shobha Srinivasan, PhD; Susan Ivey, MD, MHSA; Kurt Greenlund, PhD

Association of a Culturally Defined Syndrome (Nervios) with Chest Pain and DSM-IV Affective Disorders in Hispanic Patients Referred for Cardiac Stress Testing
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Valory N. Pavlik, PhD; David J. Hyman, MD; Juliet A. Wendt, MD; Claudia Orengo, MD, PhD

Coronary Artery Disease and Risk Factors in Black South Africans – A Comparative Study
View Article
M. R. Nethononda, MD; M. R. Essop, MD; A. D. Mbewu, MD; J. S. Galpin, PhD

Designing Multi-Ethnic Stroke Studies: The Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project
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Melinda A. Smith, MPH; Jan M. H. Risser, PhD; Lemuel A. Moye´, MD, PhD; Nelda Garcia; Olubumi Akiwumi; Ken Uchino, MD; Lewis B. Morgenstern, MD

ORIGINAL REPORTS: OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY

Dietary Behavior Among African Americans: Assessing Cultural Identity and Health Consciousness
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Shawn M. Bediako, PhD; Naa Oyo A. Kwate, PhD; Reggie Rucker, MS

“Does Skinny Mean Healthy?” Perceived Ideal, Current, and Healthy Body Sizes Among African-American Girls and Their Female Caregivers
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Mira L. Katz, PhD, MPH; Penny Gordon-Larsen, PhD; Margaret E. Bentley, PhD; Kristine Kelsey, PhD; Kenitra Shields, BA; Alice Ammerman, DrPH

Overweight and Obesity Among Urban Sahraoui Women of South Morocco
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Mohamed Rguibi, MSC; Regia Belahsen, PhD

A Randomized Pilot Trial of Exercise Promotion in Sedentary African-American Adults
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Robert L. Newton Jr, PhD; Michael G. Perri, PhD

ORIGINAL REPORTS: HEALTH DISPARITIES

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Osteoarthritis: Prevalence, Outcomes, and Medical Care
View Article
Kelli L. Dominick, PhD; Tamara A. Baker, PhD

Physician-Patient Interaction and Depression Among African-American Women: A National Study
View Article
Isabel C. Scarinci, PhD; Bettina M. Beech, DrPH; Jennifer M. Watson, PhD

Diabetes Care Among Older Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives
View Article
Dorothy A. Rhoades, MD, MPH; Yvette Roubideaux, MD, MPH; Dedra Buchwald, MD

Racial and Ethnic Variation in Response to Mailed and Telephone Surveys Among Women in a Managed Care Population
View Article
Karin M. Nelson, MD, MSHS; Ann M. Geiger, PhD; Carol M. Mangione, MD, MPH

A Community Study of Language Concordance in Russian Patients with Diabetes
View Article
Philip S. Mehler, MD; Rita A. Lundgren, MS; Irina Pines, MD; Katherine Doll, RN

Explaining the Relationship Between Race/Ethnicity and Pharmacy Purchased Syringes Among Injection Drug Users in New York City
View Article
Crystal M. Fuller, PhD; Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH; Shannon Blaney, BA; Danielle C. Ompad, PhD; Sherry Deren, PhD; Don Des Jarlais, PhD; David Vlahov, PhD

FOR THE PATIENT

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TREATING OSTEOARTHRITISÐARE ALL POPULATIONS RECEIVING EQUAL CARE?
Source: Racial and Ethnic Differences in Osteoarthritis: Prevalence, Outcomes, and Medical Care
Kelli L. Dominick, PhD; Tamara A. Baker, PhD

PATIENTS IN CLINICAL TRIAL REPORT BENEFITS TO PARTICIPATION
Source: “I Will Miss the Study, God Bless You All”: Participation in a Nutritional Chemoprevention Trial
Geraldine Moreno-Black, PhD, CNS; Gail Shor-Posner PhD, CNS; Maria-Jose Miguez, MD, PhD; Ximena Burbano, MD; Sandra O’Mellan; P. Yovanoff, PhD

DOCTORS URGED TO TALK WITH AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHO SUFFER FROM DEPRESSION
Source: Physician-Patient Interaction and Depression Among African-American Women: A National Study Isabel C. Scarinci, PhD; Bettina M. Beech, DrPH; Jennifer M. Watson, PhD

OBESITY RATES AND QUALITY OF TREATMENT MAY LEAD TO HIGHER OBESITY-RELATED DEATHS AMONG AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER
Source: Racial Differences in Mortality from Obesity-Related Chronic Diseases in US Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer
Anthony P. Polednak, PhD

HEART DISEASE AND CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AMONG AFRICANS PUZZLE RESEARCHERS
Source: Coronary Artery Disease and Risk Factors in Black South Africans-A Comparative Study
M. R. Nethononda, MD; M. R. Essop, MD; A. D. Mbewu, MD; J. S. Galpin, PhD

INDIAN HEALTH DIABETES PROGRAM FOUND TO BE EFFECTIVE
Source: Diabetes Care Among Older Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives
Dorothy A. Rhoades, MD, MPH; Yvette Roubideaux, MD, MPH; Dedra Buchwald, MD

STUDY FINDINGS SHOW MORE CASES OF STROKE THAN EXPECTED; POINTS TO NEED TO RECOGNIZE STROKE SYMPTOMS
Source: Designing Multi-Ethnic Stroke Studies: The Brain Attack Surveilance in Corpus Christi (Basic) Project
Melinda A. Smith, MPH; Jan M. H. Risser, PhD; Lemuel A. Moye, MD, PhD; Nelda Garcia; Olubumi Akiwumi; Ken Uchino, MD; Lewis B. Morgenstern, MD

SUPPLEMENT 2:

ISHIB2004 Disparities in Cardiovascular Health: Bridging the Great Divide
Selected Proceedings from the 19th Annual International Interdisciplinary Conference onHypertension and Related Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Ethnic Populations Sponsored by ISHIB, June 13-16, 2004
Introduction
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Therapeutic Controversies in Hypertension Management: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers in Diabetic Nephropathy? ACE Inhibitors
View Article
Errol D. Crook, MD; Sreelatha Penumalee, MD

Increasing Physical Activity in the Deconditioned Person: The Role of Resistance Training
View Article
Mariane M. Fahlman, PhD; Robert Topp, PhD

Genetics and Cardiovascular Disease
View Article
Ronald T. Acton, PhD, HCLD (ABB), D (ABMLI); Rodney C. P. Go, PhD; Jeffrey M. Roseman, MD, PhD, MPH

Theoretical Perspectives to Increase Clinical Effectiveness of Lifestyle Modification Strategies in Diabetes
View Article
Rosalind M. Peters, PhD, RN

Hypertension: Trends, Risks, Drug Therapies and Clinical Challenges in African Americans
View Article
Danielle Hollar, PhD; Arthur S. Agatston, MD; Charles H. Hennekens, MD, DrPH

Metabolic Syndrome: Implications of Race and Ethnicity
View Article
Maryann Mugo, MD; James R. Sowers, MD

Hypertensive Urgencies and Emergencies
View Article
Tariq Shafi, MD

Education, Motivation and Medication for African Americans: Bringing Hypertension Guidelines to Practice
View Article
David Martins, MD; Naureen Tareen, MD; Susanne B. Nicholas, MD, PhD; Keith C. Norris, MD

Calcium Antagonists: A More Expansive Role in Treating Persons with Reduced KidneyFunction?
View Article
Susanne B. Nicholas, MD, PhD; Naureen Tareen, MD; David Martins, MD; Keith C. Norris, MD

ABSTRACTS POSTER AND ORAL PRESENTATIONS

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HYPERTENSION

Increased Population Attributable Risks for Blacks With High Blood Pressure
D Lackland; Y Liao: S Lipsitz; J Abell; D McGee

Quality of Life Assessment in Patients on Antihypertensive Therapy
M Girotra; RR Abraham; AK Agarwal

Geographic Distribution of Ethnic and Age Related Differences in Treatment and Control of Hypertensive Dyslipidemic Patients in Primary Care
KH Hendrix,; AN Nida; BM Egan

Role of Endothelin Receptors in Hypertension in Blacks
R Watson; G Fink; J Galligan; S Watts

Heritability of Office and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Families of East African Descent
M Bochud; P Bover; RC Elston; L Schild; M Burnier

Ethnic Difference in the Knowledge, Awareness, and Beliefs About Hypertension in Older American
EC Okonofua; NE Cutler; DT Lackland BM Egan

24-Hour Urine Sodium in Low-Income African Americans With Hypertension and Relationship to Stage of Change Sodium Restriction
RJ Markesino; VN Pavlik; DJ Hyman; K Goodrick; WC Taylor; K Moseley; R Wilson; D Laws

Blood Pressure and It Determinants in A Large Multi-Ethnic Sample of Adolescents in the DASH UK Study
S Hardin; M Maynard; JK Cruickshank

Combination Antihypertensive Agents for the Treatment of Hypertension
MA Kleinpeter

Effectiveness of Disease Management of Hypertensive and Hyperlipidemia Patients by Pharmacist
DF Sarpon; K Woodard

Expectations of Blood Pressure Management in Hypertensive African-American Patients
G Ogedegbe

Rational and Design of The Capable Study: An Investigation Into the Use of Amlodipine/Atorvastatin Single-Pill Dual Therapy in the Treatment of African-American Patients With Concomitant Hypertension and Dyslipidemia
JM Flack; R Victor; K Watson; K Ferdinand; C Gribbin

Safety and Efficacy of Combination ACE Inhibitor/Calcium Channel Blocker Therapy vs ACE inhibitor Monotherapy in African-American Patients With Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes
JM Flack; GL Bakris; J McGregor; D Purkayastha; M Gatlin; OM Nwose

Central and Peripheral Maladaptations Associated With Salt-Induced Hypertension
MA Bayorh; AA Ganafa; N Emmet; D Eatman; RR Socci; IL Fridie; IA Abukhalaf

CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACOTS, HEALTH PROMOTIONS

Copology: A Model for the Prevention and Treatment of Stress Leading to Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease
E Hugley

Ethnic Differences in Cardiovascular Response to Emotional Stimuli
MM Merritt; JJ Sollers III; MK Evans; AB Zonderman; JF Thayer

Ethnicity and Cardiovascular Risk Factor Treatment and Control in Primary Care
BM Egan; K Hendrix; EC Okonofua; DT Lackland; E Ofili

A Controlled Trial of Effects of Stress Reduction on Left Ventricular Mass in Hypertensive African Americans
J Salerno; R Schneider; C Alexander; D Orme-Johnson; A Castillo-Richmond; M Fainforth; S Nidich

Acculturation and Cardiovascular Disease Screening Practices Among Latinos Living in Chicago
JM Jurkowski

Lookin’ Tight Livin’ Right: Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Among African Americans in Portland, Oregon
C McKeever

Relation of Ethnic Identity to Cardiovascular Risk Behavior: Developing a Measure
J Dedier

Search Your Hearte
PW Crawford; J Brooks

Stress Reduction and Prevention of Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in African Americans With Angiographic CAD
CE Grim; A Dalmar; H Fenderson; A LaFave; M Faizuddin; M Lawrence; M Rainforth; S Nidich; R Schneider

Stress Reduction and Hypertension Prevention in African Americans
CE Grim; J Peete; A LaFave; M Faizuddin; M Lawrence; M Rainforth; S Nidich; R Schneider

Physician’s Use of Exercise Counseling For Hypertension Patients
JK Halm

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

A Study of Quality of Life and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Amongst The Hypertensive Patients in an Iranian Rural Community
E. Mohammadi; HA Abedi; F Gofranipour; F Jalali; A Kazemnejad

Atrial Fibrillation in Allhat
LJ Haywood; R Crow; CE Ford; BM Massie: BR Davis; PT Einhorn; PE Linz; A Williard

Stroke Knowledge is Poor Among Rural People at Increased Risk
CS Wilson; D Nicholas; CE Brooks

Racial Differences in The Prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
A Brown; AD Waggoner; L de las Fuentes; S-J Dong; B Barzila; VG Davila-Roman

Racial Differences in the Prevalence of Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Ambulatory Patients Referred for Echocardiography
A Brown; AD Waggoner; L de las Fuentes; S-J Dong; B Barzila; VG Davila-Roman

Distribution and Determinants of Coronary Artery Disease in an Urban Pakistani Setting
S Dodani; D MacLean; R LaPorter; M Joffres

DIABETES

Hypertension Control Rates in Patients With Diabetes in a Disease Management Program
MA Kleinpeter; JC Morial; MK Butler

Assessing Diabetes Risk in the Jackson Metropolitan Area – A Pilot Study
DF Sarpong

Developing A Logic Model for the African Caribbean Cascadian Diabetes Prevention Program Utilizing
Culturally Appropriate Population-Based Strategies and Train-the-Trainer Community Education/Skill Building Interventions for High-risk Neighborhoods
V Stevens; M Rossi; C Morgan; K Nelson

OBESITY, DIET, NUTRITION

Relationship of Adiponectin and Tumor Necrosis Factor-a With Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Healthy Obese Nondiabetic African-American Females
T Gaillard; M Bullock; J Kaplow; K Osei

DASH – Dinner With Your Nutritionist: African Americans, it’s Time!
J Rankins; W Sampson; B Brown; T Jenkins-Salley

Mechanism of Hemodynamic Compensation During Weight Loss
OS Randall; J Kwagyan; S Xu; M Ketete; A Maqbool

RENAL FUNCTION AND DISEASE

Decreasing Renal Function is Associated With Incident Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in Diabetics
OL White; ED Crook

Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and Progression of Renal Disease in Diabetic Patients
A Goyal; ED Crook

Glycemic Control Predicts Diabetic Extrarenal Complications but not Renal Survival
S Patel; E Crook

WOMEN’s HEALTH

Markers of Metabolic Syndrome in Eclampsia
SA Isezuo; BA Ekele

Depressed Hypertension African-American Women Report More Blood Pressure-Related Symptoms, Stress, and Less Social Support Than Non-Depressed Women Despite Similar Levels of Blood Pressure
NT Artinian; JM Flack; JS Vanderwal; OGM Washinton; KC Jen

High Prevalence of Hypertension Among Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Moroccan Sahraoui Women: Roles of Central Adiposity and Physical Activity
R Belahsen; M Rguibi

The Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination and Provider-Patient Communication Among African-American Women
CE Barnard; T Metha; BM Beech; I Scarinci

CHILDREN AND YOUNG ADULTS

The Relationship of Internalized Racism to Body Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistance is Independent of Birth Weight Among African Caribbean Adolescent Youth on the Island of Barbados, West Indies
EC Chambers; ES Tull; H Fraser; N Sobers; NR Mutunhu; E Niles

Hypertension Among MultiEthnic Schoolchildren
DK Sullivan; CA Gibson; JR Goetz; M Hall
Childhood and Subsequent Adult Blood Pressure Predict Adult Microalbuminuria In Blacks: The Bogalusa Heart Study
GS Berenson; SR Srinivasan; W Chen; S Li; J Xu; S Hoq

Incidence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adolescent Children in Three Rural Alabama Schools
KA Harris Huntley; J Weese; EF Crayton; S Gropper; D White; J Johnson

OTHER

Race and In-Hospital Resuscitation
SC Lamarca; DC Parish; FC Dane; IS Okosun; MM Dent

Racial Treatment Trends in Localized/Regional Prostate Cancer: 1992-1999
W Underwood III; J Jackson; JT Wei; R Dunn; E Baker; S DeMonneer; DP Wood

Medication Adherence is not Associated With Clinic Appointment Attendance
G Ogedegbe

Hepatitis in an Urban Nephrology Clinic
R Galla; K Fiippova; S Penumalee; E Crook